Our Current Faculty

Cynthia Wong, M.D.
Chair and DEO
Undergraduate Education
  • Indiana University
Medical School
  • University Of Chicago
  • Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center
  • Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center
  • Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center
Research Interests
  • Effect of neuraxial labor analgesia on the progress and outcome of labor
  • Maintenance of epidural labor analgesia
  • Postdural puncture headache
  • Neurologic injury associated with childbirth
  • Obstetric hemorrhage
  • Diversity in the anesthesiology workforce
  • Society of Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology (SOAP) Teacher of the Year Award , 2014
  • Best Doctors in America: 2007-2015
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology Mentorship Award, 2012
  • Executive Leadership in Academic Medicine (ELAM) Fellow, 2012
  • Visiting Professor of the Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou, China , 2012
  • Outstanding Dedication to MH Award: Malignant Hyperthermia Association of the United States , 2011
  • Fellow, Institute of Medicine of Chicago, 2011
  • Yandang Friendship Award, Wenzhou Municipal People’s Government, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China , 2010
  • Professor, University of Iowa, Anesthesia, with tenure, 2015 to present
  • Professor, Northwestern University, Anesthesiology, 2009-2015
  • Associate Professor, Northwestern University, Anesthesiology , 2003-2009
  • Assistant Professor, Northwestern University, Anesthesiology , 1995-2003
  • Associate, Northwestern University, Clinical Anesthesia, 1988-1995
  • Instructor, Rush University, Anesthesia, 1984-1988
  1. Bauchat JR, McCarthy R, Wong CA: In Response. Anesth Analg 2017 Jul; 125(1):356-357

  2. Ismail S, Wong C, Rajan P, Vidovich MI: ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction in pregnancy: 2016 update. Clin Cardiol 2017 Jun; 40(6):399-406

  3. Toledo P, Pumarino J, Grobman WA, Wong CA, Holl JL, Hasnain-Wynia R: Patients' preferences for labor analgesic counseling: A qualitative analysis. Birth 2017 May; aheadofprint

  4. Toledo P, Duce L, Adams J, Ross VH, Thompson KM, Wong CA: Diversity in the American Society of Anesthesiologists Leadership. Anesth Analg 2017 May; 124(5):1611-1616

  5. Wong CA: Neuraxial Labor Analgesia: Does It Influence the Outcomes of Labor? Anesth Analg 2017 May; 124(5):1389-1391

  6. Gerlach B, Shah AM, Lee MT, Wong CA, Sullivan JT, Toledo P: Publication Rate of Abstracts Presented at the Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology Annual Meetings 2010-2014. Anesth Analg 2017 Mar; 124(3):887-889

  7. Van de Velde M, Wong CA: Obstetric anaesthesia. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2017 Mar; 31(1):1-2

  8. Hu LQ, Flood P, Li Y, Tao W, Zhao P, Xia Y, Pian-Smith MC, Stellaccio FS, Ouanes JP, Hu F, Wong CA: No Pain Labor & Delivery: A Global Health Initiative's Impact on Clinical Outcomes in China. Anesth Analg 2016 May; 122(6):1931-8

  9. Mhyre JM, Wong CA: The Anesthesia Workforce and Levels of Maternal Care. Anesth Analg 2016 May; 122(6):1763-5

  10. Guglielminotti J, Deneux-Tharaux C, Wong CA, Li G: Hospital-Level Factors Associated with Anesthesia-Related Adverse Events in Cesarean Deliveries, New York State, 2009-2011. Anesth Analg 2016 May; 122(6):1947-56

  11. Toledo P, McLean S, Duce L, Wong CA, Schubert A, Ward DS: Evaluation of the Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research Medical Student Anesthesia Research Fellowship Program Participants' Scholarly Activity and Career Choices. Anesthesiology 2016 Mar; 124(5):1168-73

  12. Klumpner TT, Toledo P, Wong CA, Farrer JR: Interscapular pain associated with neuraxial labour analgesia: a case series. Can J Anaesth 2015 Dec; 63(4):475-9

  13. Guglielminotti J, Wong CA, Landau R, Li G: Temporal Trends in Anesthesia-related Adverse Events in Cesarean Deliveries, New York State, 2003-2012. Anesthesiology 2015 Oct; 123(5):1013-23

  14. Patel SK, Gordon EJ, Wong CA, Grobman WA, Goucher H, Toledo P: Readability, Content, and Quality Assessment of Web-Based Patient Education Materials Addressing Neuraxial Labor Analgesia. Anesth Analg 2015 Aug; 121(5):1295-300

  15. Goucher H, Wong CA, Patel SK, Toledo P: Cell Salvage in Obstetrics. Anesth Analg 2015 Jul; 121(2):465-8

  16. Peralta F, Higgins N, Lange E, Wong CA, McCarthy RJ: The Relationship of Body Mass Index with the Incidence of Postdural Puncture Headache in Parturients. Anesth Analg 2015 May; 121(2):451-6

  17. Wong CA, Shafer SL: Dittrick's Missing Editorial About Apgar's Score. Anesth Analg 2015 Apr; 120(5):962

  18. Mhyre JM, Wong CA: The Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology 2014 Annual Meeting: the First Annual Virginia Apgar Collection. Anesth Analg 2015 Apr; 120(5):959-61

  19. Wong AE, Kwaan HC, Grobman WA, Weiss I, Wong CA: Microparticle source and tissue factor expression in pregnancy. Ann Hematol 2015 Apr; 94(8):1285-90

  20. Bauchat JR, McCarthy RJ, Koski TR, Wong CA: Labor Analgesia Consumption and Time to Neuraxial Catheter Placement in Women with a History of Surgical Correction for Scoliosis: A Case-Matched Study. Anesth Analg 2015 Mar; 121(4):981-7

  21. Hu LQ, Zhang J, Wong CA, Cao Q, Zhang G, Rong H, Li X, McCarthy RJ: Impact of the introduction of neuraxial labor analgesia on mode of delivery at an urban maternity hospital in China. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2015 Jan; 129(1):17-21

  22. DeLeon A, De Oliveira GS, Kalayil M, Narang S, McCarthy RJ, Wong CA: The incidence of coagulopathy in pregnant patients with intrahepatic cholestasis: should we delay or avoid neuraxial analgesia? J Clin Anesth 2014 Dec; 26(8):623-7

  23. Ducloy-Bouthors AS, Susen S, Wong CA, Butwick A, Vallet B, Lockhart E: Medical advances in the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage. Anesth Analg 2014 Oct; 119(5):1140-7

  24. Pinyavat T, Rosenberg H, Lang BH, Wong CA, Riazi S, Brady JE, Sun LS, Li G: Accuracy of malignant hyperthermia diagnoses in hospital discharge records. Anesthesiology 2014 Oct; 122(1):55-63

  25. Carvalho B, Wong CA: Drug labeling in the practice of obstetric anesthesia. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2014 May; 212(1):24-7

  26. Cambic CR, Avram MJ, Gupta DK, Wong CA: Effect of ritonavir-induced cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibition on plasma fentanyl concentrations during patient-controlled epidural labor analgesia: a pharmacokinetic simulation. Int J Obstet Anesth 2013 Dec; 23(1):45-51

  27. Peralta F, Wong CA: Interventional radiology in the pregnant patient for obstetric and nonobstetric indications: organizational, anesthetic, and procedural issues. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2013 Jun; 26(4):450-5

  28. Brandom BW, Bina S, Wong CA, Wallace T, Visoiu M, Isackson PJ, Vladutiu GD, Sambuughin N, Muldoon SM: Ryanodine receptor type 1 gene variants in the malignant hyperthermia-susceptible population of the United States. Anesth Analg 2013 Apr; 116(5):1078-86

  29. Toledo P, Sun J, Peralta F, Grobman WA, Wong CA, Hasnain-Wynia R: A qualitative analysis of parturients' perspectives on neuraxial labor analgesia. Int J Obstet Anesth 2013 Mar; 22(2):119-23

  30. Toledo P, Nixon HC, Mhyre JM, Wong CA, Weinberg G: Brief report: Availability of lipid emulsion in United States obstetric units. Anesth Analg 2012 Dec; 116(2):406-8

  31. Flood P, Wong CA: Chronic pain secondary to childbirth: does it exist? Anesthesiology 2012 Dec; 118(1):16-8

  32. Wong CA: The influence of analgesia on labor--is it related to primary cesarean rates? Semin Perinatol 2012 Sep; 36(5):353-6

  33. Sullivan JT, Higgins N, Toledo P, Scavone BM, McCarthy RJ, Wong CA: The effect of intravenous magnesium therapy on the duration of intrathecal fentanyl labor analgesia. Int J Obstet Anesth 2012 May; 21(3):212-6

  34. Bauchat JR, McCarthy RJ, Koski TR, Cambic CR, Lee AI, Wong CA: Prior lumbar discectomy surgery does not alter the efficacy of neuraxial labor analgesia. Anesth Analg 2012 May; 115(2):348-53

  35. Lirk P, Haller I, Wong CA: Management of spinal anaesthesia-induced hypotension for caesarean delivery: a European survey. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2012 Apr; 29(9):452-3

  36. Wong CA: The promise of pharmacogenetics in labor analgesia…tantalizing, but not there yet. Int J Obstet Anesth 2012 Mar; 21(2):105-8

  37. Toledo P, Eosakul ST, Goetz K, Wong CA, Grobman WA: Decay in blood loss estimation skills after web-based didactic training. Simul Healthc 2012 Jan; 7(1):18-21

  38. Toledo P, Sun J, Grobman WA, Wong CA, Feinglass J, Hasnain-Wynia R: Racial and ethnic disparities in neuraxial labor analgesia. Anesth Analg 2011 Nov; 114(1):172-8

  39. Wong CA: Saving mothers' lives: the 2006-8 anaesthesia perspective. Br J Anaesth 2011 Jul; 107(2):119-22

  40. Wong CA, McCarthy RJ, Hewlett B: The effect of manipulation of the programmed intermittent bolus time interval and injection volume on total drug use for labor epidural analgesia: a randomized controlled trial. Anesth Analg 2011 Mar; 112(4):904-11

  41. Agarwal D, Wong CA, Toledo P: Transcutaneous carbon dioxide measurements and maternal pain scores in laboring parturients. Int J Obstet Anesth 2011 Feb; 20(2):195-6

  42. Dhawan R, Kacha A, Chaney MA, Fox AA, Wong CA: Case 2--2011: Acute myocardial infarction in a pregnant patient requiring coronary artery bypass graft surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011 Feb; 25(2):353-61

  43. Bauchat JR, Higgins N, Wojciechowski KG, McCarthy RJ, Toledo P, Wong CA: Low-dose ketamine with multimodal postcesarean delivery analgesia: a randomized controlled trial. Int J Obstet Anesth 2011 Jan; 20(1):3-9

  44. Cambic CR, Wong CA: Labour analgesia and obstetric outcomes. Br J Anaesth 2010 Dec; 105 Suppl 1:i50-60

  45. Higgins N, Leong E, Park CS, Facco FL, McCarthy RJ, Wong CA: The Berlin Questionnaire for assessment of sleep disordered breathing risk in parturients and non-pregnant women. Int J Obstet Anesth 2010 Dec; 20(1):22-5

  46. Deleon AM, Wong CA: Levobupivacaine versus bupivacaine: is there as winner? Minerva Anestesiol 2010 Nov; 76(12):979-81

  47. Cambic CR, Scavone BM, McCarthy RJ, Eisenberg P, Sanchez EM, Sullivan JT, Wong CA: A retrospective study of positive antibody screens at delivery in Rh-negative parturients. Can J Anaesth 2010 Jul; 57(9):811-6

  48. Wong CA, Scavone BM, Sullivan JT, McCarthy RJ: Early labor neuraxial analgesia: effects on the progress and outcome of labor. Anesthesiology 2010 Apr; 112(4):1053-4; author reply 1054-5

  49. Cunningham FG, Bangdiwala SI, Brown SS, Dean TM, Frederiksen M, Rowland Hogue CJ, King T, Spencer Lukacz E, McCullough LB, Nicholson W, Petit NF, Probstfield JL, Viguera AC, Wong CA, Zimmet SC: NIH consensus development conference draft statement on vaginal birth after cesarean: new insights. NIH Consens State Sci Statements 2010 Mar; 27(3):1-42

  50. Wong CA, McCarthy RJ, Blouin J, Landau R: Observational study of the effect of mu-opioid receptor genetic polymorphism on intrathecal opioid labor analgesia and post-cesarean delivery analgesia. Int J Obstet Anesth 2010 Feb; 19(3):246-53

  51. Wong CA: General anesthesia is unacceptable for elective cesarean section. Int J Obstet Anesth 2010 Feb; 19(2):209-12

  52. Wong CA: Nerve injuries after neuraxial anaesthesia and their medicolegal implications. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2010 Jan; 24(3):367-81

  53. Toledo P, McCarthy RJ, Burke CA, Goetz K, Wong CA, Grobman WA: The effect of live and web-based education on the accuracy of blood-loss estimation in simulated obstetric scenarios. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2009 Dec; 202(4):400.e1-5

  54. Dugan-Kim M, Connell S, Stika C, Wong CA, Gossett DR: Epistaxis of pregnancy and association with postpartum hemorrhage. Obstet Gynecol 2009 Nov; 114(6):1322-5

  55. Scavone BM, McCarthy RJ, Wong CA, Sullivan JT: The influence of time of day of administration on duration of opioid labor analgesia. Anesth Analg 2009 Nov; 111(4):986-91

  56. Sullivan JT, Grobman WA, Bauchat JR, Scavone BM, Grouper S, McCarthy RJ, Wong CA: A randomized controlled trial of the effect of combined spinal-epidural analgesia on the success of external cephalic version for breech presentation. Int J Obstet Anesth 2009 Aug; 18(4):328-34

  57. Wong CA: Labor analgesia: is there an ideal technique? Anesth Analg 2009 Jul; 109(2):296-8

  58. Toledo P, McCarthy RJ, Ebarvia MJ, Huser CJ, Wong CA: The interaction between epidural 2-chloroprocaine and morphine: a randomized controlled trial of the effect of drug administration timing on the efficacy of morphine analgesia. Anesth Analg 2009 Jun; 109(1):168-73

  59. Wong CA, McCarthy RJ, Sullivan JT, Scavone BM, Gerber SE, Yaghmour EA: Early compared with late neuraxial analgesia in nulliparous labor induction: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol 2009 Apr; 113(5):1066-74

  60. Wojciechowski KG, Avram MJ, Raikoff K, McCarthy RJ, Wong CA: A comparison of epinephrine concentrations in local anesthetic solutions using a "wash" versus measured technique. Anesth Analg 2009 Mar; 108(4):1243-5

  61. Wong CA: Introducing focused reviews in obstetric anesthesiology: a new series. Anesth Analg 2008 Aug; 107(3):746-7

  62. Wong CA, Stock MC: The status of women in academic anesthesiology: a progress report. Anesth Analg 2008 Jul; 107(1):178-84

  63. Toledo P, McCarthy RJ, Ebarvia MJ, Wong CA: A retrospective case-controlled study of the association between request to discontinue second stage labor epidural analgesia and risk of instrumental vaginal delivery. Int J Obstet Anesth 2008 Jul; 17(4):304-8

  64. Toledo P, McCarthy RJ, Hewlett BJ, Fitzgerald PC, Wong CA: The accuracy of blood loss estimation after simulated vaginal delivery. Anesth Analg 2007 Nov; 105(6):1736-40, table of contents

  65. Wong CA, McCarthy RJ, Fitzgerald PC, Raikoff K, Avram MJ: Gastric emptying of water in obese pregnant women at term. Anesth Analg 2007 Aug; 105(3):751-5

  66. Sullivan JT, Grouper S, Walker MT, Parrish TB, McCarthy RJ, Wong CA: Lumbosacral cerebrospinal fluid volume in humans using three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging. Anesth Analg 2006 Oct; 103(5):1306-10

  67. Scavone BM, Sproviero MT, McCarthy RJ, Wong CA, Sullivan JT, Siddall VJ, Wade LD: Development of an objective scoring system for measurement of resident performance on the human patient simulator. Anesthesiology 2006 Jul; 105(2):260-6

  68. Wong CA, Fragen RJ, Fitzgerald P, McCarthy RJ: A comparison of the SNAP II and BIS XP indices during sevoflurane and nitrous oxide anaesthesia at 1 and 1.5 MAC and at awakening. Br J Anaesth 2006 May; 97(2):181-6

  69. Wong CA, Ratliff JT, Sullivan JT, Scavone BM, Toledo P, McCarthy RJ: A randomized comparison of programmed intermittent epidural bolus with continuous epidural infusion for labor analgesia. Anesth Analg 2006 Feb; 102(3):904-9

  70. Marcus RJ, Wong CA, Lehor A, McCarthy RJ, Yaghmour E, Yilmaz M: Postoperative epidural morphine for postpartum tubal ligation analgesia. Anesth Analg 2005 Aug; 101(3):876-81, table of contents

  71. Wong CA, Scavone BM, Peaceman AM, McCarthy RJ, Sullivan JT, Diaz NT, Yaghmour E, Marcus RJ, Sherwani SS, Sproviero MT, Yilmaz M, Patel R, Robles C, Grouper S: The risk of cesarean delivery with neuraxial analgesia given early versus late in labor. N Engl J Med 2005 Feb; 352(7):655-65

  72. Wong CA, Fragen RJ, Fitzgerald PC, McCarthy RJ: The association between propofol-induced loss of consciousness and the SNAP index. Anesth Analg 2004 Dec; 100(1):141-8

  73. Scavone BM, Wong CA, Sullivan JT, Yaghmour E, Sherwani SS, McCarthy RJ: Efficacy of a prophylactic epidural blood patch in preventing post dural puncture headache in parturients after inadvertent dural puncture. Anesthesiology 2004 Nov; 101(6):1422-7

  74. Wong CA, Scavone BM, Slavenas JP, Vidovich MI, Peaceman AM, Ganchiff JN, Strauss-Hoder T, McCarthy RJ: Efficacy and side effect profile of varying doses of intrathecal fentanyl added to bupivacaine for labor analgesia. Int J Obstet Anesth 2004 Aug; 13(1):19-24

  75. Wong CA: Neurologic deficits and labor analgesia. Reg Anesth Pain Med 2004 Aug; 29(4):341-51

  76. Wong CA, Cariaso D, Johnson EC, Leu D, McCarthy RJ: Body habitus does not influence spread of sensory blockade after the intrathecal injection of a hypobaric solution in term parturients. Can J Anaesth 2003 Aug; 50(7):689-93

  77. Plunkett BA, Lin A, Wong CA, Grobman WA, Peaceman AM: Management of the second stage of labor in nulliparas with continuous epidural analgesia. Obstet Gynecol 2003 Jul; 102(1):109-14

  78. Calimaran AL, Strauss-Hoder TP, Wang WY, McCarthy RJ, Wong CA: The effect of epidural test dose on motor function after a combined spinal-epidural technique for labor analgesia. Anesth Analg 2003 Mar; 96(4):1167-72, table of contents

  79. Wong CA, Scavone BM, Dugan S, Smith JC, Prather H, Ganchiff JN, McCarthy RJ: Incidence of postpartum lumbosacral spine and lower extremity nerve injuries. Obstet Gynecol 2003 Feb; 101(2):279-88

  80. Wong CA, Loffredi M, Ganchiff JN, Zhao J, Wang Z, Avram MJ: Gastric emptying of water in term pregnancy. Anesthesiology 2002 Aug; 96(6):1395-400

  81. Benzon HT, Wong CA: Postdural puncture headache: mechanisms, treatment, and prevention. Reg Anesth Pain Med 2001 Jul; 26(4):293-5

  82. Wong CA, Scavone BM, Loffredi M, Wang WY, Peaceman AM, Ganchiff JN: The dose-response of intrathecal sufentanil added to bupivacaine for labor analgesia. Anesthesiology 2000 Jun; 92(6):1553-8

  83. Traynor JD, Dooley SL, Seyb S, Wong CA, Shadron A: Is the management of epidural analgesia associated with an increased risk of cesarean delivery? Am J Obstet Gynecol 2000 May; 182(5):1058-62

  84. Wong CA, Slavenas P: The incidence of transient radicular irritation after spinal anesthesia in obstetric patients. Reg Anesth Pain Med 1999 Feb; 24(1):55-8

  85. Wong CA, Benzon H, Kim C: Bilateral radicular pain after epidural lidocaine. Reg Anesth 1996 Nov; 21(6):600-1

  86. Green D, Wong CA, Twardowski P: Efficacy of hemostatic agents in improving surgical hemostasis. Transfus Med Rev 1996 Jul; 10(3):171-82

  87. Wong CA, Liu S, Glassenberg R: Comparison of thrombelastography with common coagulation tests in preeclamptic and healthy parturients. Reg Anesth 1995 Nov; 20(6):521-7

  88. Green D, Sanders J, Eiken M, Wong CA, Frederiksen J, Joob A, Palmer A, Trowbridge A, Woodruff B, Moerch M: Recombinant aprotinin in coronary artery bypass graft operations. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995 Oct; 110(4 Pt 1):963-70

  89. Benzon HT, Wong CA, Wong HY, Brooke C, Wade L: The effect of low-dose bupivacaine on postoperative epidural fentanyl analgesia and thrombelastography. Anesth Analg 1994 Nov; 79(5):911-7

  90. Wong CA, Franklin ML, Wade LD: Coagulation tests, blood loss, and transfusion requirements in platelet-rich plasmapheresed versus nonpheresed cardiac surgery patients. Anesth Analg 1994 Jan; 78(1):29-36

  91. Tuman KJ, McCarthy RJ, Wong CA, Labarge AM, Spiess BD, Ivankovich AD: Comparative effects of esmolol and verapamil in a model of a supraventricular tachydysrhythmia. Anesthesiology 1990 Sep; 73(3):467-73

  92. Wong CA: Preoperative patient preparation. J Post Anesth Nurs 1990 Jun; 5(3):149-56

  93. Tuman KJ, Spiess BD, Wong CA, Ivankovich AD: Sufentanil-midazolam anesthesia in malignant hyperthermia. Anesth Analg 1988 Apr; 67(4):405-8

  94. Spiess BD, Wong CA, Tuman KJ, Ivankovich AD: High frequency positive-pressure ventilation for anterior thoracic spine fusion after a previous pneumonectomy. Anesth Analg 1988 Apr; 67(4):411-4